Syed
Community Manager
Community Manager
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What are digital twins, and how can they be used in industries such as manufacturing, healthcare...

200K Contest Question # 10:

What are digital twins, and how can they be used in industries such as manufacturing, healthcare, and urban planning?

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Chetan_Tiwary_
Moderator
Moderator
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I did my college project way back in 2010 with Indian Space Research Organisation, Kerala wherein I worked on designing a Reaction wheel for satellite orbit stabilisation ( works on the principle of conservation of Angular momentum - like a flywheel )- the whole designing and the stress testing was done virtually using design softwares - which helped in Optimisation, Design, Testing, Predictive maintenance and helped in a very efficient production and maintenance / imporvement of the actual physical product. This can be equivalently applied in manufacturing across the sectors. 

This virtual product can be called as Digital Twin of the real one. DT is a virtual replica of a process or a physical product or a human being mimicing exact condition, consitutent and composition - so that it can be managed virtually.

In healthcare such as during the Covid pandemic - we can use DT of a physical healthcare centre to manage/plan the availability of beds, expansion of facility, resource sharing between etwork hospitals, and for humans it can be used for personalised medical care for example cancer or diabetes treatment.

Urban planning examples are that of Singapore & Kerala in India where you can virtually plan / test / manage  water transporation, waste management, traffic and even war time rescue and planning can be doneusing DT.

 

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Abdellatif
Mission Specialist
Mission Specialist
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What is a digital twin?

A digital twin is a virtual representation of an object or system designed to reflect a physical object accurately. It spans the object's lifecycle, is updated from real-time data and uses simulation, machine learning and reasoning to help make decisions.

source IBM : www.ibm.com/topics/what-is-a-digital-twin

It could be a nice way to simulate the lifecycle of say a city (urban planning?)
I could imagine road traffic or pollution emissions fluctuation or population behavior and evolution.

zeet
Flight Engineer
Flight Engineer
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Digital twins are virtual replicas of physical devices, systems, or processes that can be used for various purposes such as simulation, analysis, and real-time monitoring. They are created by integrating data from sensors and other sources to build complex models that mirror the real-world entities they represent.

These models can be continuously updated with data from their physical counterparts to reflect real-time conditions. Here’s how digital twins are being utilized across different industries:

Manufacturing

Use Cases:

  • Production Optimization: Digital twins can simulate production processes to identify inefficiencies and predict outcomes under different scenarios. This helps in optimizing machine settings, reducing downtime, and enhancing overall productivity.
  • Predictive Maintenance: By continuously monitoring the condition and performance of equipment, digital twins can predict when maintenance should be performed, thereby avoiding unexpected breakdowns and extending the lifespan of machinery.
  • Customization and Quality Control: They can be used to simulate the outcomes of custom manufacturing processes, ensuring that the products meet quality standards before actual production begins.

Healthcare

Use Cases:

  • Personalized Medicine: Digital twins of patients can be created using data from various medical devices and health records. These models can simulate how a patient might react to different treatments, allowing for highly personalized healthcare plans.
  • Medical Device Development and Testing: Digital twins allow for the simulation and testing of medical devices in a virtual environment, speeding up the development process and ensuring safety before they are used in real-world scenarios.
  • Hospital Management: They can model hospital operations, including patient flow, resource allocation, and emergency responses. This helps in improving patient care, reducing wait times, and enhancing overall efficiency.

Urban Planning

Use Cases:

  • Infrastructure Planning and Management: Digital twins of cities can simulate traffic patterns, public transportation systems, and infrastructure projects, providing insights that help in planning and decision-making.
  • Environmental Monitoring and Sustainability: They can be used to monitor environmental factors such as pollution and resource usage, helping cities to implement more sustainable practices and policies.
  • Disaster Simulation and Emergency Response: By simulating various disaster scenarios, urban planners can better prepare and plan for emergency responses, thereby minimizing the impact of such events.

Energy Sector

Use Cases:

  • Grid Management: Digital twins of electrical grids can help in optimizing energy distribution and balancing supply with demand in real-time.
  • Renewable Energy Integration: They assist in integrating renewable energy sources into the grid by predicting output fluctuations and managing storage solutions effectively.

Automotive Industry

Use Cases:

  • Vehicle Design and Testing: Automakers use digital twins to design and test vehicles under various conditions before they go into production.
  • Autonomous Vehicles: Digital twins are crucial in developing and testing algorithms for autonomous vehicles in a simulated environment.

Benefits Across Industries

  • Increased Efficiency: Digital twins allow for more effective monitoring and management, leading to enhanced operational efficiency.
  • Cost Reduction: By predicting problems before they occur and optimizing processes, digital twins help in reducing costs associated with maintenance, production errors, and other operational inefficiencies.
  • Enhanced Safety: In industries like healthcare and automotive, they improve safety by allowing thorough testing and personalization of products and treatments.

Digital twins represent a powerful tool for innovation across various sectors, enabling companies to make more informed decisions, optimize operations, and develop new technologies more effectively.

[root@localhost ~]# Jitendra_Kumar
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