CrashLoopBackOff is a common status that a pod can enter in Kubernetes when there is an issue with the containers running within the pod. This status indicates that the pod has crashed and is continuously attempting to restart, but fails repeatedly.
Let us see if we can understand this through the below example :
I deployed an ephemeral database server ( just for demo - The underlying intricacies are avoided in order to be crisp and focused).
I got a crashloopbackoff “error” status of my pod :
Here, you can see
CrashLoopBackOff is not an error in itself but indicates that there's an error happening that prevents a Pod from starting correctly.
In simple words : pods are failing, and they are being restarted. The grace period , in between the consecutive restarts is what is represented as CrashLoopBackOff.
Crash : a container running in a pod has terminated unexpectedly
Loop : K8s will attempt to restart the crashed container automatically (as desired)
BackOff : "I am gonna increase the time between successive restart attempts with each failure to give the container some time to recover."
Please note that crashloopback is NOT an error in itself , it is NOT the real culprit which is crashing your pod.
You need to find out the real culprit which is causing this status which can be due to ( but not limited to)
Now how could you debug the issue : These below commands output should give you a fair idea about what is preventing the pods to be in running state :
Some troubleshooting based on the error causing the crashloopbackoff ( not in the objective of this post)
(So, in this case - we will use mysql secret ( pre-configured) to initialize environment variables on the mysql deployment. The deployment needs the MYSQL_USER, MYSQL_PASSWORD, and MYSQL_DATABASE environment variables for a successful initialization. The secret has the user, password, and database keys that can be assigned to the deployment as environment variables, adding the prefix MYSQL_.)
So as soon as the missng configuration was supplied, the pod goes into RUNNING state and your pod does not have to Crash and Loop and BackOff !